H.E. Mr. Gleb
Ambassador of the Russian Federation
at NEAN 2007
Diplomatic Round Table
I would like to thank Yonsei University Leadership Center for the invitation to address the today’s round table.
The subject is the
situation in the Northeast Asia. It is a very
topical theme for my country. Russia
is an integral part of the Northeast Asia. It
has been so, it is so and it will be so. Judge for
yourselves. Two thirds of the Russian land mass with
the population of 30 million are located in that region.
strengthening of Russia and
the present accumulation of huge financial reserves make it possible for us to
take up the task of integrated development of the Eastern
Siberia and the Russian Far East which has been in the agenda for
years. It means a more efficient integration of that vast territory into the
economy of Russia
as well as into the world markets and its exploration and development aimed at
creation of a favorable business environment and attractive conditions for
human life and work. It is a task of a great scale but the outcome of its
implementation will be ever greater. We believe that potentially the uplift of Siberia
and the Far East with their natural and other resources will bring results
comparable if not even greater than those of the development of the West in the
United States. The process will inevitably exert major influence on all civilizational processes in the Asia-Pacific and beyond.
The task of the Siberian
and Far Eastern resources development should be solved primarily by ourselves. Of course it will be easier to do this with
investments from the interested countries of the region. Anyhow for all the
complexity of the tasks in developing the Asian part of the country, we will
neither give up our sovereignty nor share it with others. This is the key
condition of our cooperation with partners in developing our resources on the
basis of the Russian law.
In no other region are
our internal and external interests so interconnected as in the Northeast Asia. For the economic development of Siberia
and the Far East needs external security. Russia looks
for guarantees of its national security not through forming up certain new
“holy alliances” based on ideological solidarity or putting forward ultimatums
which could push all into an impasse but only by promoting such defense,
political and strategic relations with neighbors in the region which are based
on “security through partnership and mutual development”.
We have achieved a lot
in that sphere. The successful Year of Russia in China
in 2006 has set a new stage in enhancement of our strategic partnership with China. Within
present 2007 which is the Year of China in Russia, at least four summit
meetings of the leaders of the two states will take place.
Our relations with the Republic of Korea are reaching the level of trustful
comprehensive partnership when two countries interact practically in all fields
of human activities. With the DPRK Russia has the
Treaty of Friendship, Goodneighborliness and
dialogue with Japan
is continuously progressing. When President V.V.Putin
of Russia met with the new
Prime Minister of Japan, Mr. S. Abe, on the sidelines of the APEC Summit at Hanoi in November 2006, a very significant
accord was achieved to bring our bilateral political relationship to a much
The main threat to peace
and security in the Northeast Asia today is caused by the more than 50-year old
military stand off on the Korean
Peninsula which has been
presently aggravated by the unsettled nuclear issue.
This issue is of a
direct concern for Russia.
The site of the nuclear test by the DPRK on October 9th, 2006 is
situated at the distance of just 177 Kms to our
border. We do not like it. We do not need in the proximity of our borders
neither nuclear and missile tests nor saber-rattling by anyone.
As announced, the
Six-Parties Talks on the nuclear issue of the Korean
Peninsula will restart in Beijing on February 8th.
We in Russia
sincerely welcome it. My country has been continuously working for the
denuclearization of the Korean
Peninsula and the DPRK
coming back to the NPT. We want the settlement of this issue to become a kind
of a starting point in the process of turning the Northeast
Asia into a region of peace, security and cooperation.
The immediate task is to find a way
out of the present crisis. For that one needs to determine the causes of the
crisis. And one of the causes lies in a fact that in the present conditions
when the factor of force in the international relations has been growingly
manifesting itself and the language of ultimatums and sanctions has been
increasingly used, some countries feel themselves infringed and attempt to
protect their security by any means, extreme measures included.
It doesn’t mean, however, that the
international community should not react to such behaviour.
doesn’t recognize the DPRK as a nuclear power as this would have given an
utterly undesirable example to other countries. At the same time we think that
all the work on settlement of the nuclear issue of the Korean
Peninsula is to be carried on in the
context of providing security guarantees to the DPRK as well as to the Republic of Korea,
and other countries of the region. Such guarantees should be solid and
convincing ones so that Pyongyang
has no suspicions in regard to security. It is very important to avoid any
action which could lead to aggravation of tension around Korea and the
situation coming out of control.
All the interested
Parties admit that the accords reached at the Fourth round of the Six-party
talks more then a year back offered a way to the settlement of the main issues viz of the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula on one
side and of serving the legitimate needs of the DPRK in the security and
humanitarian spheres, on the other.
By other words, the
Joint Statement of September 19th, 2005 provided a constructive
basis for advancing to not only verifiable denuclearization of the Korean
Peninsula but to the future general normalization of the situation in the
region as well, to achievement of political and economic decisions which could
turn the Northeast Asia into a region of peace, security and cooperation.
What do we mean?
commitment by the DPRK to abandoning all nuclear weapons and existing nuclear
programs and returning, at an early date, to the Treaty on the
Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and to IAEA safeguards. The affirmation by the United States that it has no nuclear weapons
on the Korean Peninsula and has no intention to attack or invade the DPRK with
nuclear or conventional weapons. The undertaking by the DPRK and the Unites States
to respect each other’s sovereignty, exist peacefully together and take steps
to normalize their relations subject to their respective bilateral policies. The commitment of the Six Parties to joint efforts for lasting
peace and stability in the Northeast Asia.
The respect of the Parties to the right of the DPRK to peaceful uses of nuclear
energy and their agreement to discuss, at an appropriate time, the subject of
the provision of light water reactor to the DPRK. The agreement by the Six
Parties to take coordinated steps to implement the afore-mentioned consensus in
a phased manner in line with the principle of “commitment for commitment,
action for action”
All these accords,
however, got suspended. Why did it happen? One of the reasons is obviously that
not all of the Parties to the Talks were prepared to implement at that time the
accords achieved. It is the high time now to correct the situation. It is
encouraging that all interested Parties have agreed to that. The heat of the
emotions has come down. The reserved, constructive and flexible approaches have
prevailed. It is important that Pyongyang has accepted the signal of the
International community sent to it through UNSC Resolution 1718.
Earlier than many, Russia was able
to comprehend the lessons at the Cold War and give up ideology in favour of common sense. Hence the ability to take an
unbiased look at the contemporary international realities which demand the rule
in the world politics of the international law when each country, be it a big
or a small, a strong or a weak one, could feel itself protected by the norms
mandatory to all. Then we would be able to toughen over demands to those who
violate those norms.
intends to continuously work to the success of the Six-Parties Talks. We
understand that the issue of security in the Northeast
Asia is complicated and multifaceted and that its settlement will
need long-term and laborious negotiations. But, as the Chinese say, the longest
march of Ten Thousand leagues starts with the first step. The talks in Beijing are to become
that first step.
In addition to the settlement of the
nuclear issue of the Korean Peninsula, Russia is prepared to contribute to
the Inter-Korean normalization as well. My country constantly supports building
bridges between Seoul and Pyongyang
and stands in favour of undertaking of multilateral
infrastructural and other economic projects on the Korean Peninsula.
We think that the participation of the DPRK in the international railway
corridor between Europe and Korea
as well as it’s joining programs of creating in the Northeast
Asia an integrated electric power grid and pipelines’ net would
serve further development of mutually beneficial and good-neighbourly
relations between two Korean States.
The developments on the Korean Peninsula
are to much extent to influence the future of not only
the Northeast Asia and the Asian Pacific Area
as a whole but the world processes as well. I will single out just two main
aspects. On one hand, the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula
would create a principally important precedent for settling similar issues in
other parts of the world and would thereby become a weighty contribution to
strengthening the non-proliferation regime. On the other hand, the Six-Parties’ Talks represent a pattern for a collective
decision-making on a hottest international issue, a pattern which is extremely
important in the present international situation. It is on such a basis only,
not by one-sided forcible actions and attempts to monopolize the processes of conflict
defusing that there is a chance to stabilize the present disbalanced
system of international relations and to promote its deideologization
The settlement on the Korean
Peninsula should become an important input to creation of an unified system of
collective security in the Asian Pacific Area with respect to the specifics of
its sub-systems and to the experience of the established regional multilateral
international and informal structures of authority such as the Shanghai Organization
of Cooperation, the Asian Regional Forum, the Asian Pacific Economic Community,
the Asia Cooperation Dialogue, the Conference on Interaction and
Confidence-Building Measures in Asia etc. Russia actively participates in the
work of those forums.
preparedness to learn from the others’ experience, the recognition of the
reality that one-sided forcible actions are counterproductive and therefore
have no future as well as a continuous and well-balanced integration – this is
the only basis which could provide security, stable development and finally the
much desired prosperity for all.