by H.E. Mr.Gleb
of the Russian Federation
at the Korea Institute
of Defense Analysis
(December 20, 2006)
I would like to thank the KIDA for the
invitation to brief you on Russian-Korean relations in the context of North-East Asia security problems issues management.
This is not our first meeting and I
hope it will be mutually useful. I count on frank and substantial exchange of
I would like to say a few words about the present situation in Russia. Today’s
is confident about its future. We have overcome in general the difficulties of
the 1990-s “transition period”. For the last three years our country has been
at one of the leading positions in the world in terms of annual economic
growing demand for Russian products at the international market made it
possible to form large currency reserves, which in its turn will let us make
Russian rouble a convertible currency in the nearest
President V.V.Putin of Russia has set
the task to take serious steps for promotion of investment in industrial
infrastructure and innovation while preserving the financial stability.
intends to fully apply its potential in such spheres as modern energy
production, including nuclear energy using safe new generation reactors,
communications, space exploration, aircraft production and to secure a
considerable share of world intellectual property market. A breakthrough in
those tracks, where Russia
has been traditionally strong, can give us a chance to use them as a locomotive
for overall economic development.
In striving for reaching new frontiers
in our country growth we attach the great importance to the economic
development of the East Siberia and the Far East.
We believe that potentially the exploration of the Russian Asia’s vast
territories and utilization of its natural and other resources in Russian
economy well bring results which may be comparable or even greater than those
of the development of the West in the US. The process will inevitably
exert major influence on all civilizational processes
not only in the Asia-Pacific region, but in the world as a whole.
The task of the Siberian and Far Eastern resources development can
be solved primarily by ourselves. Of course it will be
easier to do this with investments from the interested countries of the region.
Any how for all the complexity of the tasks in developing the Asian part of the
country we will neither give up our sovereignty nor share it with others. This
is the key condition of our cooperation with partners in development of our
resources on the basis of the Russian law.
no other region are our internal and external interests so interconnected as in
the North-East Asia. For it is necessary to
guarantee external security for the economic development of Siberia and the Far East. And the national security of Russia can be guaranteed
only by forming military, political and strategic relations with our neighbors
in the region based on the “security through partnership and mutual
main threat to the peace and security in the North-East Asia caused by the more
than 50-year old military stand off on the Korean Peninsula
now has been aggravated by the unsettled nuclear problem.
developments on the Korean Peninsula are
to much extent to influence the future of not only Northeast Asia and Asian Pacific Area as a whole but the
world processes as well.
I think that you all well know the reaction of Russia
to the DPRK’s nuclear test on October 9th.
denounced the test not just because it was conducted in the close proximity to
out border at a distance of just 177 kilometers. The main reason is that it
caused a great damage to non-proliferation of nuclear weapons.
We are to make our mind over what is to be done to defuse
the crisis. As all the interested Parties admit, the accords reached at the
Fourth round of the Six–party talks offered a settlement of the main issues
which used to be stumbling blocks viz of the denuclearization
of the Korean Peninsula on one side and of serving the legitimate needs of the
DPRK in the security and humanitarian spheres, on the other.
By other words, the Joint Statement of September, 19th,
2005 provided a constructive basis for advancing to not only verifiable
denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula but to the future general
normalization of the situation in the region as well, to achievement of
political and economic decisions which could turn the Northeast Asia into a
region of peace, security and cooperation.
What do we mean?
The commitment by the DPRK
to abandoning all nuclear weapons and existing nuclear programs and returning,
at an early date, to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and
to IAEA safeguards. The
affirmation by the United States that it has no nuclear weapons on the Korean Peninsula and has no intention to
attack or invade the DPRK with nuclear or conventional weapons. The undertaking
by the DPRK and the United
States to respect each other’s sovereignty,
exist peacefully together and take steps to normalize their relations subject
to their respective bilateral policies. The commitment of the
Six Parties to joint efforts for lasting peace and stability in Northeast Asia. The respect of the Parties to the
Right of the DPRK to peaceful uses of nuclear energy and their agreement to
discuss, at an appropriate time, the subject of the provision of light water
reactor to the DPRK. The agreement by the Six Parties to take
coordinated steps to implement the afore-mentioned consensus in a phased manner
in line with the principle of “commitment for commitment, action for action”.
All these accords, however, got suspended. Why did it
happen? One of the reasons is obviously that not all of the Parties to the
Talks were prepared to implement the accords achieved.
As Mr. Sergey Lavrov, the
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Russia, said, “the
problem is that we should change the way of settling such issues in the world
in general. We should move from the language of ultimatums and sanctions to the
situation when the international affairs are ruled by the international law
when each country, be it a big or a small, a strong or a weak one, could feel
itself protected by the norms mandatory to all. Then we would be able to
toughen our demands to these countries. But as long as they feel themselves
infringed and insecure they behave in that way. It does not mean, however, that
we should not react to that”.
Russia does not recognize North Korea as a nuclear power as
this would have given an utterly undesirable example to other countries. In
general the issue of access to nuclear technologies is becoming quite topical. A
situation is emerging in the world when many countries with their number
increasing have started elaborating on the means to protect their security when
the factor of force in the international relations has been growingly
manifesting itself. Moreover it is happening along with a very serious ideologization of the international relations which bears a
threat of a conflict between civilizations that must not be permitted.
Russia will do its best to stop such dangerous trends. But, I
repeat, first of all the small states will abandon their
strive for access to the sophisticated weapons to protect their security
only in case a reliable system of international guarantees of this security is
available. And, secondly, all states should be provided an equal
non-discriminated access to the newest technologies, including nuclear ones.
For peaceful use, of course. Undoubtedly we all should
toughen the non-proliferation regime. But it would be fair only when we provide
the observance of the two afore-mentioned terms.
In case of North Korea all the work which was done and is
still being done on settlement of the nuclear issue of the Korean Peninsula is
carried on in the context of providing security guarantees to North Korea as
well as surely to the Republic of Korea, Japan and other countries of the
region. Such guarantees should be solid and convincing ones so that Pyongyang has no suspicions
in regard to security. On December 18 the Six-Party talks on the nuclear
problem of the Korean Peninsula reopened in Beijing. All participants are interested in
reaching some substantial results at the talks.
It is important to avoid any action which could lead to
aggravation of tension around Korea
and the situation coming out of control. In this sense it is necessary to
continue the efforts including offers of positive incentives to urge Pyongyang
to take up a more reasonable behaviour and to facilitate
not only the resumption of the Six-Parties Talks but also the implementation of
the already achieved accords on securing the nuclear-free status of the Korean
Peninsula and the DPRK returning to the NPT etc.
Russia appeals to all states concerned to display restraint and
reason in implementation of the UNSC Resolution 1718 and objects to the
unfoundedly broadened interpretation of the sanctions bearing in mind the motto
of medicos “nole necere” viz
“do not cause harm”. Sanctions are a forced measure of precaution, not a
punishment for Pyongyang.
Russia intends to continuously work for success of the
Six-Party Talks. The denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula
is viewed by us as a starting point on the path of turning it in to a zone of
peace, security and cooperation. We constantly stand on favour
of building bridges between Seoul and Pyongyang and are prepared to contribute to the
multilateral infrastructural and other economic projects on the Korean Peninsula.
We think that the participation of the DPRK in such projects as construction of
an international railway corridor between Europe and Korea as well as its
joining programs of creating in Northeast Asia an integrated electric power
grid and pipelines’ net would serve further development of mutually beneficial
and good-neighbourly relations between two Korean
States and help strengthening peace and security on the Korean Peninsula and in
Northeast Asia as a whole.
relations with the Republic of Korea are one of priorities of Russia’s policy in Asia.
We attach independent value to such partnership.
the last decades both Russia
and the Republic
of Korea have undergone a
transformation from authoritarian systems of governance to democracy. Respect
for democracy in domestic policy is a foundation for our adherence to
democratic principles in international affairs as well. Similarity of the two
countries’ approaches to major international issues, such as formation of the
new, multi-polar world order with the key role for the UN, non-acceptance of
diktat in inter-state relations, combat to international terrorism and securing
non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, is a substantial basis for
We in Russia
welcome the election of the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade of the Republic of Korea, Mr. Ban Ki-Moon
as the UN 8th Secretary General. We see it as the convincing proof
of high evaluation by the international community of the constructive role the Republic of Korea plays in international affairs.
The Russian-South Korean relations today are steadily
rising to the level of comprehensive and trustful partnership. Our presidents
meet regularly, as well as foreign ministers and parliament members, political
parties and non-government organizations are also in contact.
is not a single sphere of human activities not covered in the two countries
relations. In addition to cooperation on land and sea cooperation in space is
now developing. It has been provided for Russia’s help in training the first
Korean cosmonaut for a flight into space on a Russian spaceship in 2008.
trade volume has been increasing steadily. We expect it to near the mark of USD
10 billion this year. Of course, this is much less than Korean trade with some
other countries, but it is the growth rate not the numbers themselves that
counts. The trade volume between our countries has grown 5 times since
2000. We believe that realization of joint
investment projects will lead to a multiple increase of bilateral trade.
is also unreasonable to see Russia
only as a supplier of raw materials to Korean market. For example about forty
percent of civilian helicopters now being used in the Republic
of Korea were produced in Russia. Quite a
few commercial agreements on joint science-research and experimental projects,
aimed at production of high-tech products in the Republic of Korea
under Russian licenses are being developed.
The main goals in such spheres as trade, investment, science
and technology and other fields of cooperation have been stated in
Russian-Korean Joint Action Plan signed during the last visit of President V.V.Putin to the Republic
of Korea. Such plan will
make it possible to monitor implementation of bilateral agreements and joint
projects more carefully.
important is our dialogue in the field of energy, as it is aimed at fixing
spheres of mutual work and enhancing energy cooperation on a regional level in North-East Asia. We are talking about a very broad
interaction in petroleum, gas and coal sectors as well as in the peaceful use
of nuclear energy.
the recent visit of the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation, Mr. M.Fradkov
to Seoul several
documents aimed at the broadening of the legal basis for bilateral interaction
were signed, including the intergovernmental agreement on cooperation in gas
planning to supply annually up to 10 billion cubic meters of natural gas to the
Republic of Korea starting from 2012-2013. A conclusion of
long-term contract is planned providing for supplies of Russian gas to South Korea for
over than 30 years. An increase in Russian gas supplies volume may also be
provided in the contract.
is more to that, an agreement has been signed between the Kogas
and the Sakhalin Energy company developing natural gas fields at the Sakhalin
island granting annual supplies of 1.5 million tons of liquidefied
gas to the Republic of Korea for a 20-year term starting from 2008.
Russian-South Korean consortium with participation of the Rosneft
aimed at exploration and development of petroleum and natural gas resources on Kamchatka
shelf has started its work. The project is under consideration for development
of bituminous coal in the Republic
(Yakutia) worth about USD 2 billion and providing,
among other things, for annual export of up 2 million tons of coking coal and up to 6 million tons of energy
for the cooperation in nuclear industry signed between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Korea
on May 22, 1999, provides for Russia
supplying to the Republic
of Korea low-enriched
uranium, uranium enrichment, designing and construction of low- and
medium-power reactors for off-shore nuclear power plants and sea water
conversion machines. Even now 37% of South Korea’s
nuclear fuel demand is provided for by supplies from Russia.
During Mr. M.Fradkov’s visit to
Seoul the parties reaffirmed their will to constant development and
implementation of bilateral and multilateral cooperation projects in such
fields as space exploration, transport, automobile production and petrochemical
industry, peaceful use of nuclear energy, small and medium enterprise. The will
for continuation of bilateral cooperation in the military
and technology sphere was also reaffirmed.
President V.V.Putin of Russia
has pointed out “trustworthy and benevolent relations between Russia and the Republic of Korea
are of course based on similarities in our vision of the modern world. But what
is the most important, it is Russians and Koreans
working together on a vast amount of initiatives”.
partnership corresponds to vital interests of our two peoples as well to
strengthening peace and security in North-East Asia
and Asia-Pacific as a whole.