Address by H.E. Mr.Gleb
At the 2nd Hankyoreh-Busan
On the Peace on the
(Busan, November 25th, 2006)
I am grateful to the Hankyoreh
Foundation for Reunification and Culture for the invitation to take part in
today’s symposium. It’s second round is devoted to the Peace on the
I think that you all well know the
We are to make our mind over what is to be done to defuse the crisis. As all the interested Parties admit, the accords reached at the Fourth round of the Six–party talks offered a settlement of the main issues which used to be stumbling blocks viz of the denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula on one side and of serving the legitimate needs of the DPRK in the security and humanitarian spheres, on the other. By other words, the Joint Statement of September, 19th, 2005 provided a constructive basis for advancing to nor only the verifiable denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula but to the future general normalization of the situation in the region as well, to the achievement of political and economic decisions which could turn the Northeast Asia into a region of peace, security and cooperation.
What do we mean?
The commitment by the DPRK to abandoning all nuclear weapons and exiting nuclear programs and returning, at an early date, to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and to IAEA safeguards.
The affirmation by the United States that it has no nuclear weapons on the Korean Peninsula and has no intention to attack or invade the DPRK with nuclear or conventional weapons.
The undertaking by the DPRK and the
The commitment of the Six Parties to
joint efforts for lasting peace and stability in
The respect of the Parties to the Right of the DPRK to peaceful uses of nuclear energy and their agreement to discuss, at an appropriate time, the subject of the provision of light water reactor to the DPRK.
The agreement by the Six Parties to take coordinated steps to implement the afore-mentioned consensus in a phased manner in line with the principle of “commitment for commitment, action for action”.
All these accords, however, got suspended. Why did it happen? One of the reasons is obviously that not all of the Parties to the Talks were prepared to implement the accords achieved.
As Mr. Sergey Lavrov, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Russia, said, “the problem is that we should change the way of settling such issues in the world in general. We should move from the language of ultimatums and sanctions to the situation when the international affairs are ruled by the international law when each country, be it a big or a small, a strong or a weak one, could feel itself protected by the norms mandatory to all. Then we would be able to toughen our demands to these countries. But as long as they feel themselves infringed and insecure they behave in that way. It does not mean, however, that we should not react to that”.
A situation is emerging in the world when many countries with their number increasing have started elaborating on the means to protect their security when the factor of force in the international relations has been growingly manifesting itself. Moreover it is happening along with a very serious ideologization of the international relations which bears a threat of a conflict between civilizations that must not be permitted.
For peaceful use, of course. Undoubtedly we all should toughen the non-proliferation regime. But it would be fair only when we provide the observance of the two afore-mentioned terms.
In case of North Korea all the work
which was done and is still being done on settlement of the nuclear issue of
the Korean Peninsula is carried in the content of providing security guarantees
to North Korea as well as surely to the Republic of Korea, Japan and other
countries of the region. Such guarantees should be solid and convincing ones so
All that as I have already mentioned was provided by the Joint Statement on the results of the fourth round of the Six-Party Talks. The urgent task of today is to do all to make these talks to resume at the earliest. The UNSC Resolution 1718 has precisely listed the measures to be taken. They are directed exclusively to ban the supplies of technologies and equipment connected with nuclear weapons and means of their delivery to and from the DPRK. These are the only restrictions set by the UNSC.
At the same time the resolution sent a very serious signal to
At the same time it is important to
avoid any action which could lead to aggravation of tension around
In the present situation one should
display realism and avoid radical un-compromised approaches. We in